Ph.D. (Theoretical Nuclear) Physics, February 1969

Rutgers, The State University


A.B. Physics, June 1964

University of California, Berkeley




Present Position:


2013-  present:    Distinguished Research Professor, Physics, NJIT



Research Interests and Experience:


Conceived, raised funds ($25 M) for, and led project to build BBSO’s 1.6 m clear aperture, off-axis solar telescope (world’s largest aperture) that had its first light in 2009.  Telescope is in regular operation with the highest order AO system at any solar telescope correcting light that feeds state-of-the-art Fabry-Perot visible and near-IR light spectro-polarimeters.   Used telescope in a series of high resolution observations elucidating unforeseen, significant solar dynamics.  Leading projects to commission multi-conjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) system and cryogenic spectrograph in BBSO.


Among 24 current and past students and postdocs, 12 have moved on to faculty/national center tenure track/tenured positions.  Senior among them are Thomas Rimmele (DKIST Director) and Enric Pallé (Director of Research at Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias), as well as leaders of solar groups around the world including Peter Gallagher (Trinity College Dublin), Jongchul Chae (Seoul National University), Haisheng Ji (Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing), Carsten Denker (Astrophysical Institute Potsdam)  & Wenda Cao (Director, Big Bear Solar Observatory).


Long experience in broad aspects of studies of the Sun’s interior, surface, and atmosphere.  Climate studies.  Over 200 publications.  Co-PI DKIST Project




Some Recent Committees:


 2010: Astro2010: The Astronomy & Astrophysics Decadal Survey (Reviewer)

 2010-2015: AURA, Member Rep. & Solar Observatory Council, Member

 2013-2015: AURA, Chair, Solar Observatory Council

 2013-2015: AURA, Board of Directors

 2008: NASA SMEX Selection Panel

 2006-2007: NASA Lunar Architecture Subcommittee-Science & Return to Moon
 2005: NASA:Senior Review
 2005-2008: AAS Joseph Weber Award for Astronomical Instrumentation Comm.
 2003: NASA: Senior Review
 2001-2002: Solar and Space Sciences Survey Committee
 2001: NSF-ATM: HAO Review
 2001: NSF-AST: NOAO Management Recompetition Panel
 2001: Augustine Panel (Blue Ribbon Panel)
 1999-2000: Solar Panel, Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey
 1999: NSF-AST Committee of Visitors


Awards and Honors:             

Fellow: American Physical Society
Fellow: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Fellow: American Geophysical Union
 Minor Planet 11790 Goode
 SERC Senior Fellow: University of Cambridge
 Three Varsity Letters: Cal, Berkeley, Multiple University Swim Records
 AAU Masters and USMS: Several Time USA Master’s Swim Champion


NJIT Awards and Honors:

First NJIT Board of Overseers Excellence in Research Award, 2008a, b

Exceptional Research and Service Award, 2004

Harlan J. Perlis Research Award, 1993

Tau Beta Pi: NJIT, 1985


Society Memberships:


American Physical Society (Fellow)                   

American Astronomical Society                         

American Geophysical Union (Fellow)                             

American Association for Advancement of Science (Fellow)

International Astronomical Union

Sigma Xi

Big C Society


Positions Held:

1997 - 2013:

Director, Big Bear Solar Observatory

DIrector, Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research

New Jersey Institute of Technology


1994 - 2013:

Distinguished Professor, Physics

New Jersey Institute of Technology


1996 - 2005:

Visiting Associate, Physics

California Institute of Technology


1984 -1990

Chairperson, Department of Physics
New Jersey Institute of Technology

1990 -1991:

SERC Visiting Fellow, Institute of Astronomy
University of Cambridge

1984 -1994:


Professor of Physics
New Jersey Institute of Technology

1986 -1996:

Visiting Scientist
Copernicus Astronomical Center, Poland

1980 -1984

Associate Research Professor
University of Arizona

1977 -1980:

Member of Technical Staff
Bell Telephone Laboratories

1971 -1977:

Assistant Professor of Physics
Rutgers University

1969 -1971:

Postdoctoral Research Associate
University of Rochester


Postdoctoral Research Associate
Rutgers University